Our Definitions

Our Definitions

 

What is Local?

The following map shows the location of several local farms that supply the GBCFC.  We define locally produce goods as those sourced from within our food shed.  Our food shed is based off the three closest river systems and their watershed/drainages:  The Truckee River, the Carson River, and the Walker River.  When a product is unavailable from within our food shed, we source the item from as close as possible.  We believe that if we are good stewards of our watershed, utilize sustainable growing practices, and produce the goods that are needed to sustain life from within our foodshed, that we will find ourselves living in a healthier ecosystem and that our community will be better nourished.  By providing more sustenance from our own food shed, we reduce the tendency to exploit the food sheds of other peoples and locales as well as our own.  Click here to view our Local Foodshed map.

 

What is Regional?

We define Regional Products as those grown or produced from our neighboring watershed out to a 200mile radius.

 

What is Sustainable? Previously known as “Natural”

 

We recognize sustainable as those farms or products that are grown or produced without the use of synthetic fertilizers, toxic pesticides, genetically modified seed, or other toxic substances.  We call a farm sustainable when the producer exhibits practices that foster a living soil and provide a spectrum of vitamins and minerals to the food being produced. The producer’s application must be accepted by our local food distribution center, DROPP www.dropp.coop.   We also require yearly site inspections, which must be documented by a staff member of the GBCFC.

 

What is Organic?

 

From the USDA website:  Organic is a labeling term that indicates that the food or other agricultural product has been produced through approved methods that integrate cultural, biological, and mechanical practices that foster cycling of resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity.  Synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, irradiation, and genetic engineering may not be used.  Consumer Information.

 

Learn about the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (PDF). This is the Act that established the National Organics Program and its authority to enforce agricultural products sold, labeled, or represented as “organic” within the U.S.  To be called or labeled certified organic, there are several standards that must be complied with. USDA Organic Regulations and certified organic status can be obtained through accredited certifying agents List of accredited certifying agents.  We are lucky to have our statewide certifying agent, the Nevada Department of Agriculture which has created its own Organic Certification Program and is accredited through the USDA National Organic Program http://agri.state.nv.us/PLANT_OrganicPgm.htm .

 

What is a Food System?

A food system includes all processes and infrastructure involved in feeding a population: growing, harvesting, processing, packaging, transporting, marketing, consumption, and disposal of food and food-related item.

 

What is “All Natural”?

All Natural: The U.S. Department of Agriculture considers a product “natural” when that product contains no artificial ingredient or added color and is only minimally processed. Minimal processing means that the product was processed in a way that does not fundamentally alter the product. The label must include a statement explaining the meaning of the term natural (such as “no artificial ingredients; minimally processed”).

 

What is a GMO (Genetically Modified Organism):  GMOs, or “genetically modified organisms,” are plants or animals created through the gene splicing techniques of biotechnology (also called genetic engineering, or GE). This experimental technology merges DNA from different species, creating unstable combinations of plant, animal, bacterial and viral genes that cannot occur in nature or in traditional crossbreeding.  Click here to view our GMO Free Shopping Guide, Why we are concerned, and a list of High Risk Crops and Ingredients Commonly Derived from genetically engineered crops.

 

Hybrid, Open Pollinated, & Heirloom 

Hybrid:  Varieties created by crossing two separate varieties to achieve desirable characteristics.  A hybrid tomato may have been bred to have excellent disease resistance, produce uniform, prolific fruit, or have superior flavor.  If you sow the seeds from a hybrid, the resulting fruit may revert to the characteristics of one of its parents.  The slicing tomatoes from Lattin Farms are a hybrid variety and they are certified organic.  Pluots, apriums, plumcots, and other fruit crosses are also hybrids.

 

Open-Pollinated:  Varieties of plants that are pollinated naturally by wind or insects without human intervention.  Saved seed will be true to the original variety

 

Heirloom:  An open-pollinated variety that has been passed down through the generations for at least 50 years.

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